How Many Bluefin Tuna Are Left 2022?

The nation’s ocean resources and their habitat are managed by NOAA FisheriesNOAA FisheriesNOAA Fisheries. Our productive and healthy fisheries provide essential services for the country, all supported by reliable science and an ecosystem-based management strategy. Seafood that is safe to consume.https://www.fisheries.noaa.gov/about-us/About Us – NOAA Fisheries has transferred 19.5 metric tons (mt) of the Atlantic bluefin tuna quota from the 28.9-mt General category December 2022 subquota period to the January 2022 subquota period, resulting in a subquota of 49 mt for the January 2022 period and a subquota of 9.

Facts

The biggest tunas are bluefin, which have a lifespan of up to 40 years. They can dive more than 3,000 feet and move throughout all oceans. Bluefin tuna are shaped like torpedoes, have retractable fins, and their eyes are level with their bodies. They are designed for speed. From the minute they hatch, they are fierce predators, going after schools of fish like herring, mackerel, and even eels. They are the only bony fish with the best visual acuity for sight hunting. The largest and most endangered of the three bluefin species is the Atlantic, followed by the Pacific and the Southern. The most significant bluefin tuna fishery in the world, the Mediterranean Sea, produces the majority of the Atlantic bluefin tuna catches.

A 257-ton increase is made to Japan’s Atlantic bluefin tuna quota for 2022.

According to an intergovernmental fishery organization’s resolution, Japan’s 2022 Atlantic bluefin tuna quota would rise by 257 tons from the previous year to a total of 3,483 tons, the nation’s Fisheries Agency announced on Wednesday.

Assuming that all tuna stocks are recovering, the International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas resolved during a recent online meeting to increase the overall catch limit for nations like Japan.

Changes to the Reserve Category Bluefin Tuna Quota for 2022 to Account for Underharvest

After catch data is available, NMFS yearly announces the inclusion of any available underharvest to the bluefin tuna Reserve category in accordance with the regulations pertaining to annual bluefin tuna quota adjustment at SS 635.27(a). The maximum amount of underharvest that a Contracting Party may carry over from one year to the next is 10 percent of its initial catch quota, which, for the United States, was 127.29 mt for 2021 under ICCAT Recommendation 17-06 as implemented in the U.S. quota adjustment regulations at SS 635.27(a)(10) (10 percent of 1,272.86 mt).

NMFS is carrying forward the entire, permitted 127.29 mt for 2022. The baseline quota for bluefin tuna in 2021 was 1,272.86 mt, plus 127.29 mt from the underharvest in 2020 that was carried over to 2021 (86 FR 54659, October 4, 2021). This resulted in an adjusted quota of 1,400.15 mt. The entire catch of bluefin tuna in 2021—including landings and dead discards—was 1,184.5 mt, which is a 215.65 mt underharvest from the adjusted quota for that year and surpasses the permitted carryover of 127.29 mt. Underharvest that is carried over from one year to the next is used by NMFS to increase the bluefin tuna Reserve category quota. As a result, NMFS increases the Reserve category quota for 2022 by the permitted carryover of 127.29 mt.

NMFS shifted 26 mt of Reserve category quota to the General category as of January 28, 2022. (87 FR 5737, February 2, 2022). As a result, the revised 2022 Reserve category quota as of the action’s effective date is 29.5 mt (current baseline) + 1.7 mt (representing an increase in the ICCAT baseline quota) + 174.2 mt (transfer to Reserve following Purse Seine adjustments reflecting ICCAT baseline quota increase) -26 mt (quota transfer from January) plus 127.29 mt (carryover from underharvest in this action), for a total of 306.69 mt.

Tuna from the Pacific

As was already mentioned, only 2.6% of the 1950 stock size of Pacific bluefin tuna is still present today.

Here, scientists have really produced reliable figures that fairly depict the quantity of bluefin tuna still existing in the Pacific.

There were 1.6 million bluefin tuna left in the Pacific in 2017. 145.000 of these were reportedly reproducing adults.

In other words, the Pacific bluefin is the species of tuna that is most in danger of going extinct and should be evaluated accordingly.

How much bluefin tuna is still available?

This population is strong, according to Nickson. In other words, the population will probably increase provided the fish are allowed to live and breed. Additionally crucial, she adds, is that the rebuilding aim will still permit some fishing activity. That is essential to preserving the tuna fleet as stocks restock.

The announcement follows this week’s shutdown of the U.S. commercial Pacific bluefin fishery by the National Marine Fisheries Service for the remaining four months of the year due to fishermen exceeding the 425 metric tons quota for that year.

Last month, the US federal government rejected a plea to declare Pacific bluefin tuna as an endangered species, disappointing environmental groups.

There is a separate standard when reviewing for the preservation of endangered species, according to Chris Yates, assistant regional administrator for NOAA Fisheries West Coast Region. According to him, “We need to establish that the species is likely to go extinct or is likely to become endangered of going extinct in the near future.”

There are currently 145,000 reproducing adults among the 1.6 million Pacific bluefin tuna in the ocean. So even though there are a lot fewer bluefin tuna than is ideal, Yates explains, “there are still a lot of them out there.”

Will bluefin tuna reappear?

The fishery for bluefin tuna in the General category will end at 11:30 p.m. on August 4, 2021. On September 1, 2021, the fishery will reopen with a daily retention restriction of one fish per vessel.

Do bluefin tuna populations grow over time?

The International Seafood Sustainability Foundation (ISSF) reports that numerous tuna stocks are currently overfished, which means that adult fish are being grabbed more quickly than they can reproduce and repopulate the population. The Atlantic bigeye and the Indian Ocean yellowfin tuna are being overfished with recent increases in catch levels, while the Pacific bluefin tuna is severely overfished. Even though the skipjack tuna is fairly hardy, if overfishing is not adequately controlled, it might quickly become vulnerable.

Bigeye tuna is favored for sashimi in Asia and is available fresh and frozen in other countries. Pressure on bigeye fisheries is rising as bluefin tuna populations decline globally. Overfishing and illegal fishing have significantly reduced bluefin tuna stocks over the past few decades, affecting not only Pacific bluefin tuna but also Atlantic and Southern bluefin tuna. The demand for this fish in high-end sushi markets has been a major factor in population decreases, and their fates are uncertain.

Will there be no more bluefin tuna?

Ocean-dwelling bluefin tuna can reach lengths of up to 10 feet and weights of 1,200 pounds. Bluefin tuna are warm-blooded and have the ability to control their body temperature, which aids them during their arduous trips across the Atlantic. Top ocean predators, bluefin tuna occasionally engage in cooperative hunting similar to wolves. Bluefin tuna can sprint through the water at up to 50 mph and can cover oceans in just a few weeks thanks to their streamlined bodies and retractable fins.

Due to years of overfishing, bluefin are prized as a high-end dish at sushi restaurants and are in danger of being extinct. On its “Red List” of vulnerable species, the International Union for Conservation of Nature categorizes the Atlantic and Southern bluefin as either critically endangered or endangered. The National Marine Fisheries Service reports that although the Pacific bluefin tuna is now being overfished. Regrettably, bluefin still appears on certain menus. A single tuna sold for $177,000 in a fish market in 2010 due to high tuna prices maintained by the sushi industry, which also promotes illicit and unreported fishing.

When BP’s oil leak in the Gulf of Mexico contaminated important spawning grounds in spring 2010, the situation for Atlantic bluefin was significantly worsened. According to scientists, the leak destroyed 20% of the juvenile tuna in the region. Since 1970, the bluefin stock in the western Atlantic has decreased by more than 80%. Between 1957 and 2007, the stock of fish in the eastern Atlantic shrank by 74%.

1. Legal protections are desperately needed for this species. The Atlantic bluefin is a species that has been requested for protection under the Endangered Species Act by the Center for Biological Diversity. The decision on that petition is now pending.

2. As a result of international authorities’ rejection of fishing quotas to safeguard bluefin, it is now up to consumers to reduce demand. The Center has started a bluefin boycott, asking customers to promise to stay away from the fish and eateries that offer it. Restaurants and chefs are also invited to sign a pledge promising not to purchase or serve this endangered species.

Bluefin tuna can be saved. Sign the Center’s boycott pledge right away, share it with your loved ones, post it on Facebook and other social media platforms, and let your neighborhood sushi joints know about this initiative. We can reduce fishing and conserve thousands of bluefin by reducing the market demand for this species.

Declare your support for the Endangered Species Act’s protection of bluefin tuna. Inform your congressional representative and the Fisheries Service that bluefin need immediate protection. You should also write a letter to the editor of your local newspaper.

Why is bluefin tuna necessary?

The marine food chain’s top predator and food source, tuna contribute to keeping the ocean ecosystem in balance. Ocean predators control marine life numbers to maintain the ecological balance. As populations of prey species increase due to the loss of predators like tuna, overfishing poses major risks. A destabilized food chain and marine ecosystem may result from this.

A 200 lb. bluefin tuna, how old is it?

  • Atlantic bluefin Tuna can grow to be 1,000 pounds and 10 feet long. At age 10, most adults weigh roughly 200 pounds. They have a silvery belly and a deep blue dorsal color. On the belly, spots of white-gray color may emerge. The second dorsal fin is brown or red, whereas the first is yellow or blue.
  • The body of an Atlantic bluefin tuna is fusiform, or tapered like a football at both ends. Compared to other tuna species, bluefin tuna have smaller eyes and a pointed snout. The fins of the tuna slide into grooves on the body to lessen swimming resistance. Fishermen frequently mix up bluefin and yellowfin tuna.

Who or what consumes bluefin tuna?

Even though the canned goods section of the grocery store may be where most Americans have first encountered a school of tuna, the species is one of the most intriguing fish found in the oceans.

The largest and deadliest of the lot, the Atlantic bluefin tuna, can weigh up to 1,400 pounds and bulks up by consuming small fish like sardines, herring, and mackerel as well as gourmet foods like crab, lobster, and squid.

The bluefin tuna inhabits some of the world’s most arctic waters in the Atlantic and Mediterranean Seas. Conservationists fear that the BP oil spill may have affected these fish because they breed in the Gulf of Mexico from April to May.

Bluefin tuna have just a few natural predators, such as killer whales, sharks, and a small number of other large fish, and are able to live up to 20 years in the wild. However, a startling 74% of eastern Atlantic and Mediterranean bluefins have vanished over the previous 50 years. Overfishing, according to scientists, is to blame.

In Japanese sushi restaurants, a tiny piece of bluefin can cost up to $20 when it is served raw. In 2009, a 440-pound bluefin caught a market record offer of $220,000.

Earlier this year, international efforts to outlaw the commercial trade in Atlantic bluefin tuna failed. Therefore, the critically endangered delicacy’s darkest days are yet ahead unless it is taken off the menu soon.

What is the cost of a bluefin tuna?

Numerous variables affect the wholesale price of bluefin tuna. However, bluefin tuna should never be inexpensive, regardless of where you choose to get it.

For instance, the wholesale price of bluefin tuna in your area may be from $20 and $40 per pound, whereas the price per pound for bluefin tuna imported from Japan can be as high as $200. Oma tuna’s peak season price per pound can reach about $400.

The fact that some Bluefin tuna is shipped to Japan for butchering before being delivered back to the United States can potentially increase the wholesale price of Bluefin tuna.