Where Does Tuna Come From Country?

Around the world, canned tuna is a readily available and well-liked source of protein. Most of the tuna consumed commercially comes from five different species: skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), albacore (Thunnus alalonga), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares), bigeye (Thunnus obesus), and bluefin (Thunnus thynuss). All tuna are members of the Scombridae, or mackerel family, tribe known as the Thunnini. While bigeye, bluefin, and yellowfin are mainly used in sashimi and sushi, skipjack and albacore make up the majority of canned tuna. From the 40-pound skipjack, which can live up to 10 years, to the 1500-pound bluefin, which has an average lifespan of 40 years, species range in size and longevity. The majority of the world’s great oceans are home to tuna, which are both migratory and predatory. Overfishing is the main danger to tuna species.

Light meat tuna, which is primarily skipjack and occasionally yellowfin, and white meat tuna, which is typically albacore, are the two main categories of canned tuna. Starkist, Chicken of the Sea, and Bumble Bee are the top three cans of tuna sold in the country. The majority of canned tuna consumed in the United States comes from these brands (though several smaller labels are available commercially). In the Pacific Ocean, tuna fishing is most common. The Atlantic Ocean, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Indian Ocean are other fishing grounds, listed in decreasing order of fishing yield. Indonesia, Japan, and the Philippines produce the highest yields from tuna fishing. Most of the world’s tuna processing facilities are currently located in Thailand, which produces 25% of the world’s canned tuna. The United States and the European Union are the primary destinations for Thailand’s canned tuna exports.

Global Tuna Management Maps

Oceans around the world are home to several tuna species. The sushi and sashimi industry values bluefin tuna from the Atlantic, Pacific, and southern oceans. While albacore, like bluefin, is also found in temperate waters, skipjack, yellowfin, and bigeye tunas are primarily found in the tropics. These species are employed in both fresh and canned manufacturing. Five regional fishery management organizations are in charge of managing the world’s tuna fisheries.

Tuna

A member of the tribe Tunnini, a division of the Scombridae (mackerel) family, the tuna is a saltwater fish. The Thunnini family consists of 15 species in five genera, with sizes ranging from the bullet tuna (maximum length: 50 cm or 1.6 ft, weight: 1.8 kg or 4 lb) to the Atlantic bluefin tuna (maximum length: 4.6 m or 15 ft, weight: 684 kg or 1,508 lb), which averages 2 m (6.6 ft) and is thought to have a life span of up to 50 years

The only fish that can keep their body temperature higher than the temperature of the surrounding water are tuna, opah, and mackerel sharks. The tuna is one of the fastest-swimming pelagic fish, with a sleek, streamlined body that makes it an energetic and nimble predator. The yellowfin tuna, for instance, can reach speeds of up to 75 km/h (47 mph). Early scientific reports on extremely exaggerated speeds can be found, and they are still frequently cited in popular media.

The tuna, which is a warm-water fish, is widely fished for commercial purposes as a food fish and is also well-liked as a bluewater game fish. Some tuna species, like the southern bluefin tuna, are in danger of going extinct due to overfishing.

For more than a century, tuna has been preserved in jars.

Tuna has been preserved in jars for a very long time—possibly longer than you might think! Early in the 1900s, as businesses searched for a replacement for tinned sardines, tuna canning gained popularity in the United States. With an annual import of over 300 million pounds of the canned ocean fish, canned tuna soon rose to the top of the list of preserved meat items for American consumers. The majority of canned tuna is imported into the United States from Asian nations including Thailand, Indonesia, Vietnam, and the Philippines, although part of it also comes from South American nations like Ecuador.

Due to the lack of abundance of the fish in the adjacent oceans, tuna is rarely harvested or packed domestically in the United States. It turns out that the reason tuna was first popular with American customers was because, although being a fish, it actually doesn’t taste all that “fishy,” and its white hue is more like chicken.

The home of bluefin tuna.

The North Atlantic pelagic ecosystem and its surrounding seas, particularly the Mediterranean Sea, are where bluefin tuna are most commonly found. Geographically speaking, their population is dispersed across the whole North Atlantic, from Mexico to the Black Sea and from Ecuador to Norway. This particular tuna species is the only one that is able to survive year-round in the temperate seas of the Atlantic.

Bluefin tuna has two distinct populations or stocks: a smaller one in the western Atlantic that spawns in the Gulf of Mexico, and a larger one in the eastern Atlantic that is spread out over the East Atlantic, the Mediterranean, and, in the past, the Black Sea, with the Mediterranean Sea serving as the spawning area.

Additionally, it appears that bluefin tuna have a tendency to return to their original breeding grounds, which are located in both the Mediterranean and the Gulf of Mexico. This suggests that both populations’ adult and juvenile individuals forage together, especially near the coasts of North America and the mid-Atlantic.

The Background of Tuna

One of the most consumed fish in the world and a dependable food source, tuna has this distinction.

While tuna cans can be found on shelves in kitchen cabinets all over the world, renowned restaurants also serve the high-protein, low-fat seafood.

But one of the biggest sandwich shops in the world, Subway, is facing criticism for reportedly not including tuna in its tuna sandwich. A class-action complaint alleging that Subway’s tuna sandwiches “are absolutely devoid of tuna as an ingredient” was filed in a federal court in Northern California. The case, which was filed in January, claims that Subway’s tuna is a “combination of diverse concoctions that do not represent tuna,” not “tuna and not fish.”

In a news release, Subway strenuously refutes the accusations, claiming that it uses “100% wild-caught, cooked tuna, blended with mayonnaise and utilized in freshly produced sandwiches, wraps, and salads that are given to and appreciated by our guests.”

In addition to garnering media attention, the lawsuit has brought attention to tuna, which is the second most popular fish and seafood in Britain and the United States, after salmon. According to Grand View Research, a company based in California, the two countries with the highest consumption of canned tuna are the United States and Europe.

According to the analysis, the market for canned tuna was worth $8.57 billion (USD) in 2020 and is projected to increase by 4.7 percent from 2020 to 2027. The estimated revenue for 2027 is $11.89 billion.

Japan and other nations place a great value on fresh tuna. For instance, it is said that the best bluefin tuna in Japan can sell for $200 per pound. A bluefin tuna that weighed 276 kilograms (608 pounds) that was auctioned off at Tokyo’s Toyosu fish market in 2020 brought in 193.2 million yen ($1.8 million).

Since the 18th and 19th centuries, Japan and the Pacific Islands have relied heavily on tuna, and historians estimate that tuna fishing in the Mediterranean dates back at least 2,000 years.