How To Breed Quail Birds?

A breeding pen should be kept at a temperature of about 21 degrees Celsius. Once the temperature dips below 16 degrees Celsius and during periods of extremely hot weather, the male quails frequently lose interest in reproducing.

A better outcome is guaranteed if quail are bred in the spring or summer. In the spring and summer, quails often begin mating and building their nests. However, some quail breeds can produce eggs all year long.

Everything You Need to Know About Growing Quail for Meat and Eggs

Are you aware that there are more than 130 different species of quail in the world? These tiny birds are ideal for rearing as sources of both meat and eggs. Do you intend to raise quail for their meat and eggs? Setting up your quail growing supplies requires some work, but once you get the hang of it, you can consistently produce delicious meals and tiny eggs.

I enjoy quail. They make for entertaining little backyard visitors. Although they have a reputation for being a delicacy, if you raise them yourself, you can have access to this versatile bird year-round. Here is my manual on how to raise quail for both meat and eggs.

Quail breeding

Quail are becoming more and more popular to keep for their delectable eggs, but there are a few techniques to make sure you are obtaining good fertility whether you want to raise your stock levels or sell hatching eggs.

A breeding pen should be kept at a temperature of about 21 degrees Celsius. Once the temperature dips below 16 degrees Celsius and during periods of extremely hot weather, men tend to lose interest in the females.

Breeding stock can be housed in trios or even quartets, but for maximum fertility, you can keep more than one male in a pen. However, the more males in a pen, the more likely it is that they would fight, so caution should be exercised. Increasing the number of females can sometimes help if fighting is an issue.

Up to 5 females can typically coexist with one male in a mixed pen without adversely affecting fertility. Feathers on the female’s back, which the male grabs with his beak during mating, may fall out.

The pituitary gland at the back of the eye is stimulated by light to produce a hormone that keeps female Coturnix quail (also known as Japanese quail) in the laying phase for 8 to 12 weeks after they reach sexual maturity. This hormone, like that of other poultry, keeps the quail in the laying phase. This indicates that they typically begin laying in the spring and stop in the fall.

Even though not all of these eggs are good for hatching, you can encourage them to lay about 220 eggs every year if kept under artificial light without doing any specific selection.

The “foam balls” that males excrete make it possible to properly identify individuals. These are cloacal gland-produced urine substances that signal fertility. If you are unsure if a quail is male or female, you can divide the house and relocate the bird on its own in the new space on a clean floor that can be periodically checked for foam balls during the breeding season. A colored leg ring can be used to identify him once he has been positively identified.

After the first 16 to 18 weeks of lay, quail fertility begins to decline, and after 24 weeks, the decline is quite apparent. Therefore, it is advisable to only gather hatching eggs in the first 14 to 16 weeks after lay. If a constant stream of hatching eggs is required, it would be necessary to have many homes and lighting schedules such that birds would come into lay as the fertility of another house was declining.

After their first year or two, it is required to retire or replace breeding stock in order to maintain optimal fertility because both fertility and hatchability drop in older birds.


According to research, pairing a single male with two or three females will typically result in a high reproductive rate. In colony enclosures for quail, a ratio of one male to three females is adequate and discourages male fighting. Individual cage pair matings also result in good fecundity. Older birds have significantly lower fertility. Because inbreeding increases the likelihood of defects and can significantly lower reproductive performance, it is best to avoid marrying closely related individuals. For this reason, it is preferable to mark the eggs with the hen numbers, incubate the eggs in groups, and mark the chicks permanently after they hatch.

Using wing or leg bands that are available for purchase, pedigree records can be kept on quail of all ages. Oil paint on the back feathers (not the skin) or nail polish on the toes can be used to briefly identify quails.


It doesn’t cost a lot of money to start with quail. In fact, you can get one or two quail for a few dollars, and caring for and feeding quail does not require much money.

You will need at least three female quail for every male if you plan to breed them, and just like male roosters, they should be kept apart unless they are bred together.

To maintain harmony, a balanced rooster-to-hen ratio is necessary. A rooster will require multiple hens.

Otherwise, he might “wear” her out through overbreeding and harm her. In other words, he needs to be able to rotate his chickens, so he doesn’t hurt only one by being overzealous.

What do quails require?

Even though humans have tamed quail, they are still considered wild birds, therefore you may need a permission from your state’s department of fish and game before bringing them to your farm. Before you start making arrangements, make sure to double-check this. Some of the infrastructure required to keep quail may already be present. They are little birds that are sensitive to predators and disease, thus their environment needs to be carefully managed. Breeders perform best when kept between 55 and 85 degrees F, and the UF Extension notes that large temperature changes will result in a decline in output.

Equipment required to raise quail is not all that different from those required to raise other fowl. You require

  • a residence for them (cages or a floor pen)
  • waterers and feeders
  • If you are raising birds that will be released, use a flight pen.
  • a brooder used for raising baby quail

Can chickens and quail reproduce?

Avoid letting the chickens near the quail since they can attack and devour the smaller birds.

Since quail are not domestic animals, they fly and frequently do not come back to the coop.

There are some difficulties with raising quail alongside chickens. Quail and hens cannot coexist in the same housing arrangement because of this. The possibility of disease transfer exists, but it can be minimized with careful bird selection and sanitation. Quail can be maintained in the same flock as chickens, although they do require a separate coop area and aviary.

Plan to split the coops used for hens and quail so that the two species don’t mix. Run the quail separately from the chickens.

The pasture or yard should be divided. For the quail, provide a separate covered and fenced outdoor run. Chickens can roam freely, but quail cannot since they fly away and do not come back.

Small-holed wire, which is available at farm and garden stores, is used to enclose the quail’s aviary. Install boards or wire below the fence line to keep predators from excavating. To keep predators out, install 1 foot wide wire sections at the base of the aviary fence. Put some mulch, stones, or dirt over this wire.

Is raising quail difficult?

The quail is a dual-purpose exotic bird that is simple to raise and exciting to possess if properly cared for.

For someone who wants to start small or doesn’t have a lot of space to use for animal husbandry, they are the ideal tiny game bird.

The quail is a very adaptable bird for the hobbyist, homesteader, or even hunter because it may produce meat, eggs, fertilizer, and other important things.

Quail do not have a male to produce eggs?

Can quails reproduce without males? Females can lay eggs without a male around, yes. For your female quails to lay eggs, you don’t need a male.

Quail breeding season is when?

Quail congregate in coveys from September to April. The birds start their nest-building and egg-laying processes in the months of April, May, and June as the mating season approaches. There are typically 10 to 16 eggs in a clutch, however certain species have been known to produce up to 28 tiny, speckly eggs. In 21 to 23 days, the eggs will hatch. California quail will attempt to build a second nest if the first one fails over the summer. The male will continue to incubate the eggs if the female leaves or is killed, although typically the female sits on the nest.

How long do quail lay eggs for?

AS: If a family wanted to have the equivalent of a dozen chicken eggs each week, what kind of setup would you suggest? How big a cage would that require, and how many quail?

EQ: If a medium to big chicken egg weighs on average 60g and a typical jumbo variety of quail weighs on average 12–13g, then 5–6 quail eggs would be needed to produce the same amount of chicken egg.

Quail are exceptionally consistent and prolific egg-layers; they frequently lay well over 300 eggs in a year. This produces more eggs than the majority of heritage breed chickens and is comparable to your high-yielding white leghorn. Under ideal circumstances, you might count on a dozen quail hens to provide you with approximately 9–12 eggs every day, or roughly a dozen chicken eggs [per week].

Quail limit their egg production during their molt, just like chickens do, but they don’t appear to drop down as drastically as chickens do.

If egg production is your goal, it is worthwhile to retain your layers for 2 years because they normally lay virtually as successfully in their second year as they did in their first.

Because they breed and grow so quickly, though, it is not unusual to replace layers with younger stock every year.

What are quail sold for?

Although it has a richer flavor, quail meat is very similar to chicken in flavor. Quail rarely has a gamey flavor, unless it was captured in the wild. Even yet, there isn’t much of a game-like flavor.

Because it is difficult to find quail meat in supermarkets, upscale eateries sometimes depend on small farms to provide their quail needs. You already know what that indicates! A higher price point results from increased demand.

Depending on the locale and local demand, quail meat can be sold dressed for anywhere between $2 and $7 per ounce. The average live weight of a jumbo Coturnix quail is between 12 and 14 ounces.

This might not seem like much, but keep in mind that quail can reproduce quickly, are simple to care for, and grow swiftly!

Do quails require immunization?

Any age of bird may receive a vaccination. Quail are typically immunized between the ages of five and eight weeks. Keep the vaccine vial in an ice bath while administering the shot.

Can fertilized quail eggs be eaten?

Let’s get to the point without further ado. Yes, it’s okay to eat fertilized eggs. There is nothing wrong with you eating a fertilized egg, but the egg is kind of out of luck for you.

The truth is that you won’t be eating many (if any) fertilized eggs if you purchase eggs from the grocery store.

Commercial chicken farms don’t need to maintain roosters on hand (in case you didn’t know, a fertilized egg can only be produced with a rooster’s assistance).

How many young do quail produce?

Quail pairs collaborate to construct ground nests using twigs, grass, and leaves. Due to the quantity of eggs they must hold, the nests are typically rather enormous. Quail females typically produce 12 to 13 eggs, but they can lay up to 16. Only 5 to 30 percent of quail, especially chicks, survive to become adults due to their high mortality rate. Chicks emerge from the eggs after around three weeks. These chicks may immediately move around and escape the nest. To avoid attracting predators like foxes, snakes, and fire ants, they must be removed from the smell of newly hatched eggs.