What Types Of Quail Are There?

A lovely and unique alternative poultry to raise on your homestead is the quail. The next step is to pick what kind of quail to purchase if you have made the decision to raise quail on your homestead.

New World (also known as Odontophoridae) and Old World (which are officially a subfamily of the pheasant family Phasianidae) are the two main families into which quail fall. They are both known as quail because they have many similar physiological traits and uses and are hence distantly related.

Homesteaders are most likely to encounter the Old World Coturnix, or Japanese quail, and the New World northern bobwhite quail (Colinus virginianus) (Coturnix japonica). Each of these species has a number of variations that have been developed for particular hues and traits. Quail species can hybridize, but not between variants within the same species.

According to Jacqueline Jacob, poultry extension project manager at the University of Kentucky, the northern bobwhite quail is a completely different species from, say, the California quail. Distinct species cannot cross-breed, although different breeds can.

M. Segrist, proprietor of WoodBottom Quail Farms in Bethel, Ohio, advised comparing the various quail varieties within a species to the various dog breeds. Regardless of whether they are a poodle or a beagle, they all belong to the same species despite having significantly distinct appearances.

North American Quail

Quails are members of the Phasianidae and Odontophoridae families and of the order Galliformes. Quail, also referred to as game birds, are medium-sized birds with short tails.

There are six native quail species in North America. California quail, mountain quail (biggest quail), Gambel’s quail, Montezuma quail (smallest quail), scaled quail, and Northern bobwhite are the six species.

There are considered to be 95 Old-world quail species in the world. The 95 species of Old-world quails are divided either the Phasianinae or Perdicinae subfamilies. However, the family Odontophoridae is made up primarily of the 32 individuals who make up the New-world quail species.

The species has an impact on the size, shape, and color. The quail’s hue normally resembles its surroundings, however it is often brown with dark brown or black patches. There are some with banding. Generally speaking, the male is more colorful than the female.

The Coturnix Quail is the best breed of quail to raise for profit.

When seeking for a bird that can produce a lot of protein, the Coturnix quail is the most popular quail breed.

The Coturnix are ready for processing at about nine weeks of age due to their quick growth rate.

That’s a rather quick aging process when compared to how long it takes a regular chicken to develop.

Although it may not seem like much, the Coturnix weighs more than the other quail breeds on our list when dressed out.

This dual-purpose breed begins laying eggs at the age of six weeks and can deposit up to 200 eggs each year. Again, that’s fantastic compared to how long it takes for chickens to apply, which is 24 weeks.

The lifespan of a quail is roughly two years, which is significantly less than that of a chicken.

So, if you and your family are looking for a fast-growing quail breed that produces both meat and eggs, this is it.

The Coturnix is the quail broiler if you want to sell your meat for a profit.

English White Quail

  • Characteristics: The English white is a color variant that is extremely popular. It is similar to the Italian quail in size, nature, and laying capacity. Of course, they are primarily white, but they also have a few tan areas.
  • Utility Aspects: From a commercial basis their value is in their laying ability. They are well-liked as aviary birds because of their color and tame, manageable nature.

Over 1,000 North American bird species, including subspecies, strays, imported species, and potential new species, are covered in information, photos, and range maps.

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North America is home to five different species of quails, excluding the Bobwhite. These nimble game birds are often

located in open spaces and congregate in flocks. Quails are skilled at hiding in groups of bushes where they completely vanish.

The largest ranges belong to the California and Mountain Quail, which can be found from southern British Columbia to

California and even into Arizona. A common quail found in Arizona and California is the Gambel’s Quail. The quail of Montezuma

can be found in Arizona’s arid ecosystems and as far west as Texas. The Scaled Quail, which has the most basic appearance, gets its environment from

Pictures of the quails found in North America can be viewed by clicking on the bird names or images.

Quail, Bobwhite

The most prevalent quail species, the bobwhite quail, has become well-known for its distinctive “bob-white” call. The best game bird in the southern and eastern United States is likewise a bobwhite, according to that designation. East of the Rocky Mountains, bobwhite quail are flushed out of habitats like brush, fields, woodlands, and weeds by wildfowl hunters. Since bobwhite quail also live in Canada and Mexico, this intrepid bird species has developed a presence outside of the United States.

How many different quail breeds are there?

There are more than 130 different quail varieties in the globe, but if you’re considering raising your own, there are a few excellent quail species ideal for homesteaders.

Five of the 130 or so quail breeds are most frequently seen in the backyards of bird enthusiasts.

Which breed is best for you, given that each one has a little distinct offering? Find out by reading on!

What breed of quail is the most prevalent?

Cortina Quail Because they are the most hardy of all quail varieties and provide the highest return, coturnix are the most popular quail breed to raise and excellent for novices. They mature quickly, between 6 and 8 weeks.

Why are quail useful?

Most people believe that chickens are a superior option for raising meat because of their size. For larger meals, chickens will produce more meat and bigger eggs.

However, compared to their larger kin and even other animals, quails have certain unexpected benefits.

They cost less.

You can purchase a pair of breeding quails for about $5 apiece, depending on where you live, the quail’s age, and the season. The quails will already be accustomed to your local climate if you look in local classified ads or ask about in the farming community.

Purchasing eggs, which can be had for about $20 (again, this can vary depending on many things) for 50 eggs, is another option to purchasing live quail.

They don’t really require much else but a place to live, the electricity needed to run their heating light, and the price of their food. A 50lb bag of feed (you can give them turkey feed) often costs $15 to $25 and will feed a few quails for a few months.

They offer more value for the money.

Quail are kept by people for a variety of purposes, including as pets, for business purposes, and to train hunting dogs. However, quail are raised primarily for their meat and eggs.

Quails are superior to other birds in a variety of ways, making them a better choice for your backyard farm.

While quail meat can be prepared and served in the same ways as chicken meat, it matures more quickly and can be consumed in as little as six weeks as opposed to at least eight weeks for chickens.

Quails are equally as nutrient-dense and flavorful as your typical store-bought chicken, yet they don’t have the same intensity or distinct flavor as other bird meats like duck.

Although their eggs are smaller than chicken eggs (roughly one-fourth the size), they can still be used in the same ways and are suitable for pickling or canning.

For these reasons, even in times of peace, quails can serve as a resource that is sustainable and can be traded for other goods. You’ll be astonished by the offers you receive if you simply post an advertisement suggesting that you’d like to trade your quails for something else.

Which quail makes the best food?

The greatest breed of quail to grow in your backyard for meat and eggs is the Coturnix Quail. In comparison to other quail breeds, they provide a lot of eggs and meat. They are quail birds from the Old World and are known for their extreme hardiness.

Other names for the Coturnix Quail include the Japanese Quail, Pharaoh Quail, and Jumbo Quail. They are the most straightforward breed of quail to raise because of their serene disposition. They’re your greatest option if you’re new to homesteading.

The Coturnix is available in various colors; it only needs a small space and minimal care.

When the bird begins to lay eggs, it has reached maturity after around seven weeks. Therefore, you don’t need to wait months to get your hands on high-quality eggs and meat. You will need one rooster for every three to seven hens if you need the hens to lay and hatch their eggs.

There are many sorts of Coturnix you can choose from:

  • Coturnix Golden
  • Jumbo Coturnix
  • European White
  • Tibetan
  • Tuxedo
  • Rosetta

So which of these is the finest to go for? I like jumbo species better. If you’re looking for a quail species to produce you enough meat and eggs, I suggest you go for the Jumbo. In comparison to other birds, they are much quieter and simpler to identify. If you want anything more specialized, we have a thorough guide to raising quail.

What quail is the largest?

One of the largest and fastest-growing quail species, Jumbo Brown Coturnix Quail are bred deliberately to grow to a large size. At maturity, these quail have been known to weigh up to 14 ounces

Which quail breed produces the most eggs?

Around seven weeks after birth, coturnix quail reach sexual maturity and begin to lay quail eggs. The maturity of other types like the Gambel’s and Bobwhite takes roughly six months.

The Coturnix, which may lay up to 300 eggs annually, is once again the most prolific quail egg layer.

Other breeds will produce a large number of quail eggs for you, but they will not outperform the Coturnix.

Do quail make a delicious meal?

Quail meat contains higher levels of iron and vitamin C than chicken, making it healthier to consume quail than chicken. Chicken lacks vitamin A, although quail does. More nutrients and amino acids are also provided by quail than by chicken flesh.

Do quail and hens get along?

Avoid letting the chickens near the quail since they can attack and devour the smaller birds.

Since quail are not domestic animals, they fly and frequently do not come back to the coop.

There are some difficulties with raising quail alongside chickens. Quail and hens cannot coexist in the same housing arrangement because of this. The possibility of disease transmission exists, but it can be minimized with careful bird selection and cleanliness. Quail can be maintained in the same flock as chickens, although they do require a separate coop area and aviary.

Plan to split the coops used for hens and quail so that the two species don’t mix. Run the quail separately from the chickens.

The pasture or yard should be divided. For the quail, provide a separate covered and fenced outdoor run. Chickens can roam freely, but quail cannot since they fly away and do not come back.

Small-holed wire, which is available at farm and garden stores, is used to enclose the quail’s aviary. Install boards or wire below the fence line to keep predators from excavating. To keep predators out, install 1 foot wide wire sections at the base of the aviary fence. Put some mulch, stones, or dirt over this wire.

What kind of food consume quail?

Quail are classified as omnivores, which implies they will consume both animal and plant-based foods, such as insects and leafy green vegetables.