How Many Points Can An Elk Have?

Elk bulls in good health may develop antlers with up to seven or eight points on either side.

Rocky Mountain Elk Measuring and Scoring: B&C Club Official Guide

Mammologists now consider the American elk (Cervus canadensis), which closely resembles the red deer of Europe and Asia, to be a member of the same species. In Scotland, where it is roughly the size of a mule deer, the red deer is the smallest. However, it is greater on the continent and gets bigger as it moves into Asia to the east. The red deer, known as the maral in Mongolia and Siberia, is almost as large as an American elk. Elk is the name given to the mammal we call moose in Europe, Scandinavia, and other eastern regions. When American sportsmen discuss trophy hunting with their European counterparts, this can be a bit confusing.

The Roosevelt’s elk (Cervus canadensis roosevelti) of the coastal areas of the northwest is the largest bodied elk, and the smaller tule elk (Cervus canadensis nannodes) of the valleys of central California are the three main subspecies of elk found in North America. The American elk (Cervus canadensis spp The border lines outlined in Chapter 2 separate these three elk subspecies. Roosevelt’s and tule elk are scored differently from American elk, particularly in how “crown” points are handled. Refer to chapter 7 for comprehensive information on scoring Roosevelt’s and tule elk.

Roosevelt’s and tule elk are substantially smaller than American elk. The average adult American elk bull’s rack has six normal points on each antler (including the main beam tip, which counts as a normal point but is not individually measured), although they sporadically have seven or more. The unusual American elk bulls listed in B&C’s records books have up to 14 points per antler, but the typical number is 7 to 8 points per side.

In the past, American elk were not allowed to enter B&C if their skull plates had been broken or fractured by a bullet, falling, etc. However, these trophies can now be entered as long as the proper dimensions can be acquired and the pieces can be put back together perfectly. The admission of skull plates that have been sawed in half is still not permitted in B&C. Each fractured skull is evaluated on an individual basis. For a detailed description of this policy, refer to the Shed Antlers/Split Skulls Policy on page 190.

Entry requirements and the required score

Before your bull ever gets a look from the Pope and Young Club, it must get the minimal score if you believe it could make the world’s largest list of elk killed by archery. A normal elk, defined as having symmetrical antlers, must measure at least 260 inches. Bull elk that are not normal must reach 300 inches. A “green score,” which is calculated shortly after the animal has been killed, will indicate if you are at, close to, or above the required score.

The total length of the bull’s antlers is your score. This covers various locations’ circumferences, beams, spreads, and points. Although a rough final score can be estimated using the green score, any formal measurement must take place after a 60-day drying time.

The antlers are consistently measured because to the 60-day drying process. During that time, antlers dry out and shrink, but after the 60th day, they begin to lose bulk more slowly.

When the meat, brain, eyes, hide, and scalp are completely removed from the skull of an elk that will be used as a European mount, or when the skull cap and horns are cut off and cleaned, the 60-day drying period begins.

To complete the application package, Pope and Young also needs an original score form that has been signed by an authorized P&Y measurer, a fair chase affidavit that has been filled out, three images of the antlers taken from the front and sides, as well as a minor processing fee.


I believe it to be an act of bragging on the part of the easterners. Surely more is better? Without include eyeguards, we have always counted the number of tines on both sides, such as 3×3, 3X4, 4×4, etc.

I have a 5-by-5-inch blacktail buck with eyeguards. By their calculation, it would be worth 12 points.

On elk, we occasionally count all the points, but many guys also don’t count the eyeguards.

How To Hunt An Elk

Beginning with one side of the rack, measure the length of each tine; if your bull is a 6X6, there will be 5 tines to measure (G1 thru G5). Measure along the outside of each tine from the tip to the point where it crosses the nearest edge of the main beam in order to determine the length of each tine precisely (not the center of the main beam or the outside edge of the main beam). The inside edge of the main beam can be found using a tape measure; mark that “imaginary edge” using masking tape to find this juncture (see Figure 1 below).

Measuring to the nearest 1/8 inch, record the point lengths in the appropriate boxes.

Next, note the primary beam’s length. From the beam’s tip to the lowest outer edge of the “burr,” this measurement follows the outside contour of the beam.

The main beam’s circumference is then measured starting between the first and second tines (G1 and G2). At the narrowest point of the circle (see Figure 2) between the first four sets of tines, a total of four measurements (H1 – H4) are taken for each side.

In the event that there are any “abnormal” points (i.e., points that originate from a different tine, the bottom or side of the main beam, or points that are not typically coupled from one side of the rack to the other), put them all together and note the total number of abnormal points.

For the other side of the rack, repeat the measurements for the tine length, main beam, circumference, and anomalous points.

Finally, measure and record the spread inside the main beams at its widest point.

These measurements together will yield the bull’s “gross” score for normal elk. The difference between each measurement from the left to the right must be calculated, and the total deductions and aberrant point lengths must be subtracted from the “gross” score to arrive at the “net” score. The total reduction for G1 would be 2 2/8″, for instance, if the G1 on the left side was 16 3/8″ and the G1 on the right side was 14 1/8″. The full 6 1/8″ G5 would be a deduction if the bull is a 5X6 and has a 6 1/8″ G5 on the left but no G5 on the right.

The additional measures included on the Boone and Crockett score sheet are only included as a guide and are not taken into account for determining the final score.

Which elk has the most points?

Alonzo Winters, an Arizona rancher, killed a huge bull elk in 1968 with a Savage Model 99 rifle. The antlers were later measured and registered as the new world record for a normal American elk, following Winters’ passing.

Alan C. Ellsworth witnessed some magnificent elk antlers during his childhood in the White Mountains of eastern Arizona. However, he had never seen anything quite like the gigantic set of antlers he discovered in the bed of a pickup truck on February 28, 1995. He was driven to learn more about their origins.

Ellsworth explained to the Boone & Crockett Club that he had left his house to pick up several antlers since he was a neighborhood antler shopper. “A blue Dodge pickup truck with a washer and dryer and a huge elk rack drove by as I waited at a traffic light to get into Main Street. The faded elk rack behind the truck as I turned into Main left me speechless. It was straddling the dryer and upside down. There’s a 400 point bull, I immediately thought. Since I thought the 6×6 would score around 420 points, I followed the vehicle for approximately a mile. I followed the truck into a nearby restaurant because I had to get a close-up look at the bull.

I was able to buy the elk antlers, to cut a long tale short,” Ellsworth added. I promptly taped the rack after bringing it home and arrived at a score of 438 points. I quickly left the house to return to my antler business after informing my wife, Debby, that we might have a new state record. I kept thinking that I must have gotten my score wrong while I was away. I didn’t consider it to be that large. That evening when I got home, I measured the enormous rack again, but much more slowly. I arrived at a score of 445-4/8 after double-checking everything. I was shocked and quite excited at this point. Could I maybe set a new record for something?”

Alonzo (Lon) Winters of Globe, Arizona, the brother of the former owner, was the source of Ellsworth’s quest for information about the extraordinary elk. Winters, a second generation cattle rancher who has since passed away, grew up in Arizona and loved the outdoors. Winters and his close friend Bill Vogt saw the majestic animal while riding through the White Mountains in the fall of 1968, close to the Black River. Winters used a Savage Model 99.308 to kill the elk. Winters faced a problem when the hunters exited the canyon with their catch loaded onto their horses.

Ellsworth says, “Tagging his elk was a dilemma. The Arizona Game and Fish Department’s game tags were metal bands in 1968. Lon cut a notch in the bull’s antler between the G-4 and G-5 points so he could correctly tag his enormous elk because he was unable to attach this tag to it. Elk burgers were consumed that winter, according to his children, and the rack was kept in the garage for many years. When Lon exhibited his prize to his friends and family, they all remember how proud he was.

Ellsworth must have experienced a similar sense of pride when he acquired the antlers and put an end to a fascinating tale including a new world record of 442-5/8 points some 30 years later.

How many points are in an elk trophy?

Outstanding Trophy Elk For the Awards Book and the All-Time Records Book, Boone and Crockett demands a minimum of 360 overall points and 375 points, respectively. The trophy elk of a lifetime is therefore waiting, and you may very easily come across one on western farms in our territory.

A four-point elk: What is it?

The majority of mature bull elk measure 6x6s. The fourth point, often known as the G-4 or the dagger point, is typically the longest and most recognizable part of an elk rack. You are almost likely looking at a five-point antler if the main beam emanating from the dagger is directed straight back.

A 6 point elk is what?

Points Calculation —

Elk bulls in their prime measure 6×6. Typically, an elk’s first antlers are spikes. A bull in a healthy environment might have a tiny 6-point rack at age 3-1/2 and a 5-point rack at age 2-1/2. However, its best antlers typically develop between the ages of 9-1/2 and 12-1/2, so keep in mind that not every 6×6 is a trophy.

How are elk rated?

Because of the length of those much larger antlers, scoring a bull elk is somewhat more difficult than scoring a deer. The final score will be determined by adding the inches for the main beams, tine length, inner spread, and antler volume.

What is the name of a 5-point elk?

Therefore, the quantity of tines an elk bull develops is what distinguishes it. A bull is referred to as a Royal, an Imperial, or a Monarch if it has six tines. In the sketch, the antlers are those of a monarch.

Antlers can grow to a maximum length of six feet on some of the largest specimens, with a spread of 47 inches between the terminal ends of the two main branches.

Soon after, there are other terms used to describe elk antlers, but let’s make this a little more interesting by having you change the numbers with the appropriate terms.

The right response, which is likewise numbered below, corresponds to the numbers in parenthesis. This quiz was created by Janie and I just for our annual Northwest Outdoor Writers Association Convention, which was held this past year. It is a part of a much larger contest. Don’t worry; despite being pros, several of the participants did poorly.

The test is below, along with the responses:

(1) Tine is the term for teeth that protrude over the brow. Reasonable enough. The second pair of antlers is referred to as the (2) tine as it rises. These initial two tines are collectively referred to as three tines. The (4) tine is the third tine, which is a little bit shorter. The (5)tine is the fourth, biggest, and deadly tine. Last but not least, the two points that make up the Royal bull elk’s divided antler tip are the (6).

Answers: 1, bay, bez, war lifters, dog killers, tray, trez, royal, or dagger-point, and sur-royals.

Of course, these classifications and attempts to define bulls are an annual process because all deer family members lose their antlers, which means that their ranking may vary. They often shed their antlers in late winter or early spring, and the cycle then restarts. We are currently at the peak of that cycle, so if you are fortunate enough to reside in an area where elk are present, now is the perfect time to go outside and take advantage of the season. It won’t last much longer, maybe a week or so.